Peak Performance in Sports

One of the significant variables militating against the growth of sporting activities in Nigeria today is lack of effective administration. A lot of remedies are being extended by concerned and patriotic Nigerians daily to bail us out the quagmire. Among such options is this text entitled “Modern Trends in Sports Management as well as Monitoring”. It is created by Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer in the Department of Human Kinetics and Wellness Education And Learning, Faculty of Education And Learning, University of Lagos, Nigeria; a scientist and also instructional specialist. I was the person welcomed by the writer and the university to assess the book when it was presented to the general public on December 4, 2008 in Nigeria.

According to Awoyinfa, it is a truism throughout the world that sport is now a reference issue which can no longer be ignored at different fields of the economy as well as spheres of life. The writer includes that this message hence takes a vital consider topical concerns in sporting activities management as well as management, dwelling on concepts and also principles of modern-day trends in sporting activities management and also administration such as management, organisation, preparation, motivation, and so on.

The text has 16 chapters. Chapter one is christened “the concept of sports management”. Below, Awoyinfa states monitoring is a concept that suggests various points to different people at different times, hence leading to its multiplicity of definitions. He discusses that monitoring has actually been otherwise described as an art, a science, an individual or individuals, a discipline as well as a procedure.

This author expatiates that as an art, sporting activities management is everything about carrying out sporting activities organisational functions and also jobs through people; while as a science, sports monitoring is about establishing sporting activities approach, laws, theories, concepts, processes as well as practices. As an organisation, according to him, sports administration is defined as a means of developing official frameworks and also a facility based upon an objective, purposes, targets, features and jobs.

Awoyinfa says as an individual or group of individuals, sports administration might refer to the head alone or to all the elderly personnel, committee, etc; while as a self-control, management is a field of study with different topics and topics. The writer lights up that sports management as a procedure is about a systematic means of doing things. Awoyinfa highlights administration features in sporting activities administration as preparation, arranging, staffing, directing/leading, managing, control, budgeting and examination. On whom a sports supervisor is, this author educates that a sports manager is any individual at any kind of degree of sport organisation that directs
the initiatives of other people towards the achievement of organisational objectives sport-wise.

Chapter 2 is based upon the topic of development as well as patterns of sporting activities management believed. Right here, Awoyinfa discloses that the advancement of thoughts on sports management dates back to the days when individuals very first tried to achieve objectives by working together in a team. In his words, “There was serious thinking as well as theorising about managing several years prior to the dawn of the twentieth (20th) century, which noted the beginning of contemporary sporting activities management assumed. Significant initiatives to establish theories and also concepts of sporting activities management began from the very early twentieth (20th) century with the work of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The commercial transformation of the nineteenth (19th) century probably gave the climate for this extremely major theorising.”

Awoyinfa includes that since the turn of the 20th century, authors on sporting activities management and also company theory have been recommending different concepts about just how to manage work and employees more effectively as well as effectively. This author educates that the three major colleges of management thought are: the classical; the human-behavioural; and the integrative. Awoyinfa likewise highlights early sporting activities monitoring theorists; concepts as well as characteristics of clinical monitoring; evaluation of the scientific management concept, and so on, in this phase.

Chapter 3 is thematically classified “concepts of sports administration”. In this phase, the instructional professional describes that sporting activities principles are the standard laws on which the practice of sporting activities management is built. He includes that management principles need to for that reason be based upon general terms for them to be relevant within sporting activity organisations of varying sizes as well as character. “Modern sporting activities managers and also administrators are expected to be able to determine and also use ideal concepts that relate to certain circumstances. This is due to the fact that no single concept can match all management situations,” submits Awoyinfa.

He says the fundamental concepts visit of sports are those applicable to all sports organisations and also as a result of their basic reputation, they are occasionally described as “global principles of sports management”. This author expatiates that some of these principles are: duty; delegation of authority and interaction. As relates to humanitarian concepts of sporting activities administration, Awoyinfa identifies these as democracy, justice, human relations, compassion, empathy, consideration and humility.

In phase 4 based on the concept visit of behavioral and also inspirational concepts in sports organisation, the author says humans are special creatures as they behave in a different way under different conditions and are mainly tough to anticipate. Awoyinfa worries that considering that human beings constitute the most vital component in sports organisation, sporting activities managers require some understanding of why individuals behave in one means or the other, to make sure that they (sporting activities supervisors) can affect individuals to do precisely the way sports organisations discover desirable.

One potent tool this writer recommends that can be made use of to generate efficiency in professional athletes is inspiration. In his words, “Motivation is something required in sporting activities organisations to make workers perform.
Nevertheless, it has been a crucial and also a confusing subject for sports managers.” Awoyinfa further reviews advancement of inspirational ideas in sports organisation; application of motivational theories to sporting activities management; techniques of behaviour alteration, etc, in this phase.

In chapters 5 to ten, the writer beams his visit analytical searchlight on subjects such as monitoring methods in sports organisation; the idea of sporting activities organisation; establishing style in sports organisation; the idea of planning in sporting activities management; making sports organisations more efficient in Nigeria and staffing in sports organisations.

Phase 11 is based upon communication methods in sporting activities organisation. According to Awoyinfa here, communication is a critical factor in any organisational efficiency since organisations can not work efficiently when communication abilities are doing not have among members. “Considering that communication is the moving spirit in an organisation, its lack might make organisations standstill,” asserts this author.
In chapters 12 to 16, Awoyinfa X-rays principles such as organisational adjustments and also growth in sporting activities administration; leadership in sporting activities administration as well as monitoring; management and also management of football as a trainer; showing human kinetics and also wellness education and learning in colleges as well as universities; and also organisation and administration of colleges at various levels of education.

As relates to setting of presentation, this text ratings a pass mark. For instance, the language is comprehensible as well as the suggestions are brilliantly verbalized. The simpleness of the language is expected, provided the writer’s double expert history as a speaker and also pastor. To make sure easy research study of the text on viewers’ part, Awoyinfa highlights the purposes of each chapter at the beginning and also finishes with review/revision inquiries.

What’s even more, he artistically stitches the message with graphics (pages 50, 97, 317, 330, 338, 395, and so on) to enhance readers’ understanding through aesthetic interaction. Awoyinfa includes referrals at the end of each phase to satisfy scholastic commitment of resource disclosure as well as offer visitors chances to read more. Inclusion of numerous references additionally verifies the depth of his research. His use of aesthetic distinction for the expression “Modern Trends” in the title is emphatically innovative.

If there are phases that really make this message certified as a compendium of modern remedies to the management as well as administration issues pestering our sporting activities advancement in Nigeria, they are chapters 4, eight, 11 and 13. This is since they talk about motivation, planning, communication and management respectively.

Meanwhile, the thematically best chapter of all is chapter four. The reality that it is knowingly or subconsciously taken to be the best phase discovers functional expression in the deeper interaction and communication between its subject matter on the one hand and also the outer front cover’s allegorical visuals or metaphorical images such as goal message, bikers competing, a grass tennis gamer poised for activity with her bat, sprinters competing as well as footballers having a hard time for round possession, on the other hand. These are images utilized for picture in inspirational discussion.

Nevertheless, some errors are observed in this message. The mistakes are “Recognition” (web page iii), as opposed to “Recognitions”; non-paragraphing of the all-natural first couple of paragraphs of “Preface”; “Loosing” (pages 396 and also 404), as opposed to “Losing”, etc. These errors require to be corrected in the following version.